Google wants to apply its machine learning technology to NHS patient data within the next five years, TechCrunch reports.
The search giant’s London-based artificial intelligence research lab, DeepMind, announced a partnership with the Royal Free NHS Trust in London in February but the full extent of the arrangement is only just becoming clear.
A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between DeepMind and the Royal Free shows that the pair envisage a “broad ranging, mutually beneficial partnership, engaging in high levels of collaborative activity and maximizing the potential to work on genuinely innovative and transformational projects.”
The MoU — obtained via a Freedom of Information (FoI) request from New Scientist — states that DeepMind hopes to gain access to “data for machine learning research under appropriate regulatory and ethical approvals” within the next five years.
Machine learning — a subfield of computer science that gives computers the ability to learn without being explicitly programmed — has the potential to speed up patient diagnosis and optimise their treatments.
Through the DeepMind/Royal Free partnership, DeepMind has access to the medical records of the 1.6 million patients that pass through three Royal Free trust hospitals each year: Barnet, Chase Farm and the Royal Free. DeepMind also has access to patient data from the same hospitals dating back five years. The data includes patient names, addresses, and details of their medical conditions.
DeepMind and the Royal Free expect their partnership to result in improvements in clinical outcomes, patient safety, and cost reductions.
The MoU also includes a long list of “areas of mutual interest” where DeepMind and the Royal Free can see each other working together over the next five years. Areas include reading medical images, bed and demand management, and mapping patient safety risks.
The relevant section from the nine-page MoU — signed on January 28 — can be found here:
The document also states that DeepMind and the Royal Free intend to work together on real-time health prediction, which is where the duo’s first publicly-announced efforts have focused.
Specifically, DeepMind is working with the Royal Free trust on a kidney monitoring app called Streams. Streams doesn’t use DeepMind’s machine learning technology, but the company states in a Q&A on its website that it thinks “there’s potential for better detection of AKI using AI techniques in future.” Instead, Streams is powered by software that was created by the NHS.
The app draws on the aforementioned patient information to help doctors and clinicians detect acute kidney injury (AKI) — a condition that kills over 1,000 NHS patients in the UK every month.