Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born in Porbandar, India, in 1869.
He was assassinated in 1948.
Though in school he was rated as only “good at English, fair in Arithmetic and weak in Geography,” he would go on to become a lawyer and spend twenty years in South Africa before returning to a still-colonial India.
There he led the Indian independence movement, which culminated to the Indian Independence Act of 1947.
For this we call him Mahatma, or great soul.
'I had learnt the true practice of law. I had learnt to find out the better side of human nature and to enter men's hearts. I realised the true function of a lawyer was to unite parties riven asunder.'
'One of the objects of a newspaper is to understand popular feeling and to give expression to it; another is to arouse among the people certain desirable sentiments; and the third is fearlessly to expose popular defects.'
'I came in contact with every known Indian anarchist in London. Their bravery impressed me, but I felt that their zeal was misguided. I felt that violence was no remedy for India's ills, and that her civilisation required the use of a different and higher weapon for self-protection.'
'The only tyrant I accept in this world is the 'still small voice' within me. And even though I have to face the prospect of being a minority of one, I humbly believe I have the courage to be in such a hopeless minority.'
''Hate the sin and not the sinner' is a precept which, though easy enough to understand, is rarely practiced, and that is why the poison of hatred spreads in the world.'
'Religions are different roads converging to the same point. What does it matter that we take different road, so long as we reach the same goal. Wherein is the cause for quarreling?'
'An unjust law is itself a species of violence. Arrest for its breach is more so. Now the law of nonviolence says that violence should be resisted not by counter-violence but by nonviolence. This I do by breaking the law and by peacefully submitting to arrest and imprisonment.'
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