Meet the campaigners who say they will stop at nothing in their quest to break up Facebook

House Judiciary Committee/YouTubeFacebook’s Monika Bickert gives evidence to the House Judiciary Committee.
  • Campaign group Freedom from Facebook protested at a congressional hearing this week by holding up an image of Mark Zuckerberg and Sheryl Sandberg as a two-headed octopus.
  • It was a stunt designed to raise awareness for Freedom from Facebook’s mission to break up Facebook and make it more accountable.
  • Organiser Sarah Miller said the group plans to fight Facebook for as long as it takes to bring about change, telling Business Insider that the health of democracy depends on it.
  • Freedom from Facebook has several coalition partners, including the Communications Workers of America union, while 10,000 people have signed its petition to the Federal Trade Commission.

Monika Bickert was in the witness stand ready to give evidence to Congress. As one of Facebook’s most senior executives, she was about to be grilled by the House Judiciary Committee on fake news and content filtering.

Bickert, Facebook’s head of global policy management, began delivering her opening remarks when at least four protestors held aloft signs featuring an image of Mark Zuckerberg and Sheryl Sandberg as a two-headed octopus. Moments later, the protestors walked out.

viaGIPHY

The bizarre moment piqued interest, with journalists following the congressional hearing, including BuzzFeed’s Ryan Mac, writing about the incident. As it turned out, it was the latest stunt to be organised Freedom from Facebook, a campaign group that wants to break up the social network.

Freedom from Facebook is a coalition of privacy and anti-monopoly advocacy groups, essentially born out of the Open Markets Institute in May. It counts at least nine other groups among its coalition and last week added its most powerful ally yet: The Communications Workers of America union, which represents 700,000 US workers.

Sarah Miller, the deputy director of the Open Markets Institute and spokeswoman for Freedom from Facebook, said the group was created in the heat of Cambridge Analytica scandal, which started “animating groups that we’d never seen have any sort of shared mission.”

Facebook ceo mark zuckerbergChip Somodevilla/Getty ImagesFacebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg.

Freedom from Facebook has three key objectives: Separating Facebook, Instagram, WhatsApp, and Messenger; forcing Facebook to be interoperable with competing social networks; and introducing strong privacy rules to protect Facebook users.

“Mark Zuckerberg has far too much power, his own shareholders called him a dictator,” Miller said. “The set of positions that we’re offering are returning to a more responsible, reasonable status quo.”

This is not a flash in the pan issue, we are committed to finishing this job, and the health of our democracy depends on it

More than 10,000 people have signed its petition to the Federal Trade Commission, while Miller is in talks with several other organisations to join the campaign.

They intend to contribute to the FTC’s public hearings on competition and consumers over the coming months. It is the first time the FTC a conducted such a consultation in more than 20 years.

Miller would not disclose Freedom from Facebook’s financial backers, believing that anonymity is important when “we go up some of the most powerful organisations.” She stressed, however, that the coalition is in it for the long haul.

“This is not a flash in the pan issue, we are committed to finishing this job, and we feel like the health of our democracy depends on it,” Miller added.

She said the EU’s record $US5 billion fine of Google this week over its abuse of Android shows a growing appetite to tackle the dominance of Silicon Valley giants. It is a question of “when not if” Facebook will face scrutiny, Miller said.

So, you can expect to see more protests like the one in Congress this week, even if it attracted attention for the wrong reasons.Some observers suggested that the octopus image, with CEO Zuckerberg and COO Sandberg, was anti-Semitic, given similar imagery was used in Nazi propaganda. Both Zuckerberg and Sandberg are Jewish.

Miller said the designer, Eddie Vale, is Jewish himself and there was “no intention” for it to be anti-Semitic. She said the design was a “riff” on the classic Standard Oil cartoon by Joseph Keppler.

Freedom from Facebook1Wikimedia Commons/Freedom from Facebook/Eddie ValeThe Freedom from Facebook graphic and Joseph Keppler’s Standard Oil cartoon.

Facebook declined to comment, but pointed Business Insider to quotes in Axios when Freedom from Facebook launched. The company argued that regulators reviewed Facebook’s acquisitions of WhatsApp and Instagram and concluded they didn’t harm competition.

And speaking on to Recode’s Kara Swisher this week, Zuckerberg made the case against Facebook being broken up. He said clipping the wings of firms like Facebook would open the door to companies from countries like China to fill the void. Companies which “do not share the values that we have,” Zuckerberg said, and would not be willing to cooperate when things go wrong for US users.

“You can bet that if the government hears word that it’s election interference or terrorism, I don’t think Chinese companies are going to wanna cooperate as much and try to aid the national interest there,” he said.

NOW WATCH: Tech Insider videos

Business Insider Emails & Alerts

Site highlights each day to your inbox.

Follow Business Insider Australia on Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, and Instagram.