From secretaries to substitute teachers, these are the fastest-dying jobs in every US state

  • In every US state, the workforce is changing.
  • As globalization and automation continues to affect American workers, jobs in construction, manufacturing, and the food service industry are disappearing.
  • Some other common occupations to disappear in several states are telemarketers, substitute teachers, and administrative assistants.
  • Visit Business Insider’s homepage for more stories.

The workforce is changing in every state in America. The change extends past factory jobs – it includes the disappearance of telemarketers, substitute teachers, and administrative assistants.

Using data from the Bureau of Labour Statistics’ Occupational Employment Statistics program, we compared total employment levels for occupations in each state in May 2013 and May 2018, the latter being the most recently available data.

We found the occupation with at least 5,000 employees in May 2013 that had the biggest per cent drop in employment over the five-year period. Since we are interested in how specific occupations have changed over time, we excluded the “all other” occupational catch-all groups used by the BLS.

Here are the fastest-disappearing jobs in every US state.


Alabama: Bill and account collectors had a 54% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

Lucas Schifres/Getty Images

2013 employment: 6,260

2018 employment: 2,850

2018 median salary: $US32,920

What they do, according to O*NET: Bill and account collectors collect overdue bills, either by mail or telephone, and contact credit departments if customers don’t respond.


Alaska: Meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers had a 49% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

2013 employment: 5,040

2018 employment: 2,550

2018 median salary: $US23,220

What they do, according to O*NET: Meat cutters cut meat by hand, usually to portion quantities of fish, poultry or other meat for customers.


Arizona: Substitute teachers had a 74% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

Associated Press

2013 employment: 11,880

2018 employment: 3,030

2018 median salary: $US28,700

What they do, according to BLS: Substitute teachers temporarily fill in for full-time teachers, usually for single days at a time.


Arkansas: Fast-food cooks had a 63% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

Paula Connelly/Getty Images

2013 employment: 10,660

2018 employment: 3,950

2018 median salary: $US19,650

What they do, according to O*NET: Fast food cooks prepare food in fast food restaurants, usually by frying simple dishes.


California: Word processors and typists had a 69% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

wavebreakmedia/Shutterstock

2013 employment: 25,310

2018 employment: 7,790

2018 median salary: $US42,900

What they do, according to O*NET: Word processors and typists use computers to type documents like letters, reports, or voice recording transcripts.


Colorado: Telemarketers had a 42% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

2013 employment: 7,500

2018 employment: 4,370

2018 median salary: $US27,060

What they do, according to O*NET: Telemarketers call potential customers to solicit donations or purchases of goods.


Connecticut: Sales representatives for wholesale and manufacturing (as well as technical and scientific products) had a 52% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

Guillermo Legaria/Getty Images

2013 employment: 6,040

2018 employment: 2,870

2018 median salary: $US91,160

What they do, according to O*NET: Sales representatives sell goods over the phone to industry-specific companies, which may require knowledge of science, engineering or electronics, depending on the company.


Delaware: Laborers and movers (freight, stock, and materials) had a 29% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

Justin Sullivan/Getty Images

2013 employment: 6,970

2018 employment: 4,960

2018 median salary: $US27,050

What they do, according to O*NET: Laborers perform any sort of general labour, including moving freight or boxes.


District of Columbia: Executive secretaries and executive administrative assistants had a 40% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

fizkes/Shutterstock

2013 employment: 9,340

2018 employment: 5,600

2018 median salary: $US69,830

What they do, according to O*NET: Executive secretaries and executive administrative assistants organise conference calls, schedule meetings, and take care care of other clerical functions and administrative support.


Florida: Farmworkers and laborers (crop, nursery, and greenhouse) had a 50% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

2013 employment: 21,340

2018 employment: 10,670

2018 median salary: $US22,210

What they do, according to O*NET: Farmworkers plant, cultivate, and harvest crops like vegetables, fruits, and nuts. They also operate farm equipment as well as performing manual labour with tools like shovels, hoes, and shears.


Georgia: Substitute teachers had a 61% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

Associated Press

2013 employment: 26,960

2018 employment: 10,390

2018 median salary: $US22,860

What they do, according to BLS: Substitute teachers temporarily fill in for full-time teachers, usually for single days at a time.


Hawaii: General office clerks had a 28% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

2013 employment: 14,440

2018 employment: 10,440

2018 median salary: $US33,180

What they do, according to O*NET: Office clerks perform clerical duties, which include a wide range of tasks: assisting customers in person, filing documents, answering the phone, and answering emails.


Idaho: Secretaries and administrative assistants (except legal, medical, and executive) had a 5% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

2013 employment: 10,240

2018 employment: 9,760

2018 median salary: $US32,080

What they do, according to O*NET: Secretaries and administrative assistants schedule appointments, meetings, and answer phones for their managers, among other clerical duties.


Illinois: Graduate teaching assistants had a 72% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

2013 employment: 10,920

2018 employment: 3,070

2018 median salary: $US37,740

What they do, according to O*NET: Graduate teaching assistants assist professors with teaching-related duties like grading tests and papers, tutoring students, and occasionally teaching lessons.


Indiana: Executive secretaries and executive administrative assistants had a 46% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

sturti/Getty Images

2013 employment: 12,130

2018 employment: 6,540

2018 median salary: $US48,230

What they do, according to O*NET: Executive secretaries and executive administrative assistants organise conference calls, schedule meetings, and take care care of other clerical functions and administrative support.


Iowa: Packers and packagers had a 69% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

2013 employment: 12,400

2018 employment: 3,790

2018 median salary: $US28,990

What they do, according to O*NET: Packers and packagers package manufactured products either in factories or warehouses.


Kansas: Home health aides had a 65% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

JGI /Jamie Grill / Getty Images

2013 employment: 6,700

2018 employment: 2,320

2018 median salary: $US23,890

What they do, according to O*NET: Home health aides take care of patients in their homes by applying medications, bathing, and dressing patients.


Kentucky: Helpers of production workers had a 53% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

2013 employment: 11,910

2018 employment: 5,650

2018 median salary: $US28,560

What they do, according to O*NET: Helpers assist factory workers by cleaning equipment or holding workers’ tools.


Louisiana: Service unit operators (oil, gas, and mining) had a 61% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

2013 employment: 5,520

2018 employment: 2,180

2018 median salary: $US51,100

What they do, according to O*NET: Service unit operators increase oil flow from wells, or make sure there aren’t any pipes or tools in the way of drilling.


Maine: Elementary-school teachers (except special education) had a 22% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

Thomas Lohnes/Getty Images

2013 employment: 6,880

2018 employment: 5,390

2018 median salary: $US52,680

What they do, according to O*NET: Elementary school teachers teach children from Kindergarten to 5th grade.


Maryland: Special-education teachers in middle school had a 51% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

AP Photo/Paul Sancya

2013 employment: 6,690

2018 employment: 3,280

2018 median salary: $US72,000

What they do, according to O*NET: Middle school special education teachers teach middle school children with educational or physical disabilities.


Massachusetts: Psychiatric technicians had a 73% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

Associated Press

2013 employment: 7,250

2018 employment: 1,930

2018 median salary: $US44,220

What they do, according to O*NET: Psychiatric technicians take care of people with mental or emotional conditions, according to instructions from doctors, and they report to hospital medical staff.


Michigan: Chief executives had a 75% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

Paul Sancya / APJim Hackett, Ford Motor Company CEO, in Dearborn, Michigan.

2013 employment: 10,430

2018 employment: 2,620

2018 median salary: $US203,290

What they do, according to O*NET: Chief executives run companies by making large-scale business decisions, along with a board of directors or a team of other executives.


Minnesota: Slaughterers and meat packers had a 49% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

Shutterstock

2013 employment: 8,190

2018 employment: 4,140

2018 median salary: $US31,920

What they do, according to O*NET: Slaughterers and meat packers slaughter animals, and prepare cuts of meat for packaging to consumers or to processing companies.


Mississippi: Counter attendants in cafeterias and coffee shops had a 68% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

2013 employment: 5,960

2018 employment: 1,910

2018 median salary: $US18,240

What they do, according to O*NET: Counter attendants serve food to customers from counters or steam tables.


Missouri: Order clerks had a 47% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

Scott Olson/Getty Images

2013 employment: 5,250

2018 employment: 2,800

2018 median salary: $US32,460

What they do, according to O*NET: Order clerks receive orders from customers for shipping materials or products, either by email or phone.


Montana: Secretaries and administrative assistants (except legal, medical, and executive) had a 44% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

Steve Debenport/Getty Images

2013 employment: 10,440

2018 employment: 5,840

2018 median salary: $US32,860

What they do, according to O*NET: Secretaries and administrative assistants schedule appointments, meetings, and answer phones for their managers, among other clerical duties.


Nebraska: Fast-food cooks had a 55% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

Juanmonino/Getty Images

2013 employment: 5,800

2018 employment: 2,630

2018 median salary: $US20,980

What they do, according to O*NET: Fast food cooks prepare food in fast food restaurants, usually by frying simple dishes.


Nevada: Shipping, receiving, and traffic clerks had a 26% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

Amazon

2013 employment: 8,130

2018 employment: 5,990

2018 median salary: $US33,410

What they do, according to O*NET: Shipping, receiving, and traffic clerks keep track of shipping records for various products and prepare them for shipping.


New Hampshire: Elementary school teachers (except special education teachers) had a 16% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

Grant Halverson/Getty Images

2013 employment: 6,670

2018 employment: 5,620

2018 median salary: $US58,240

What they do, according to O*NET: Elementary school teachers teach children from Kindergarten to 5th grade.


New Jersey: Sales representatives for wholesale and manufacturing (as well as technical and scientific products) had a 70% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

Lucas Schifres/Getty Images

2013 employment: 11,330

2018 employment: 3,370

2018 median salary: $US87,040

What they do, according to O*NET: Sales representatives sell goods over the phone to industry-specific companies, which may require knowledge of science, engineering or electronics, depending on the company.


New Mexico: Fast-food cooks had a 55% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

smirart/Getty Images

2013 employment: 5,100

2018 employment: 2,280

2018 median salary: $US19,800

What they do, according to O*NET: Fast food cooks prepare food in fast food restaurants, usually by frying simple dishes.


New York: Real-estate agents had a 60% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

Getty Images

2013 employment: 12,170

2018 employment: 4,870

2018 median salary: $US99,360

What they do, according to O*NET: Real estate sales agents rent, buy, or sell property for clients, which includes keeping track of property listings, interviewing potential buyers, and drawing up real estate contracts.


North Carolina: Telemarketers had a 57% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

Joe Raedle/Getty Images

2013 employment: 5,020

2018 employment: 2,170

2018 median salary: $US24,550

What they do, according to O*NET: Telemarketers call potential customers to solicit donations or purchases of goods.


North Dakota: Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks had a 36% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

Jozef_Culak/Shutterstock

2013 employment: 8,100

2018 employment: 5,150

2018 median salary: $US37,650

What they do, according to O*NET: Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks keep track of numerical data for taxes and other financial purposes.


Ohio: Machine feeders and offbearers had a 55% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

2013 employment: 5,170

2018 employment: 2,310

2018 median salary: $US31,200

What they do, according to O*NET: Machine feeders and offbearers feed materials into factory machines or equipment.


Oklahoma: Helpers of production workers had a 56% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

Johannes Eisele/Getty Images

2013 employment: 6,740

2018 employment: 2,940

2018 median salary: $US29,240

What they do, according to O*NET: Helpers assist factory workers by cleaning equipment or holding workers’ tools.


Oregon: Substitute teachers had a 60% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

Hero Images/Getty Images

2013 employment: 12,770

2018 employment: 5,090

2018 median salary: $US46,160

What they do, according to BLS: Substitute teachers temporarily fill in for full-time teachers, usually for single days at a time.


Pennsylvania: Short-order cooks had a 73% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

MediaProduction/Getty Images

2013 employment: 7,810

2018 employment: 2,130

2018 median salary: $US26,520

What they do, according to O*NET: Short order cooks prepare simple, quick food in restaurants or diners, and may also take orders from customers.


Rhode Island: First-line supervisors of office and administrative support workers had a 15% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

BSIP/Getty Images

2013 employment: 5,600

2018 employment: 4,770

2018 median salary: $US61,080

What they do, according to O*NET: First-line supervisors of office and administrative support workers supervise customer support workers, usually in call centres.


South Carolina: Executive secretaries and executive administrative assistants had a 32% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

millann/Getty Images

2013 employment: 5,840

2018 employment: 3,990

2018 median salary: $US53,360

What they do, according to O*NET: Executive secretaries and executive administrative assistants organise conference calls, schedule meetings, and take care care of other clerical functions and administrative support.


South Dakota: Stock clerks and order fillers had a 13% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

FG Trade/Getty Images

2013 employment: 6,250

2018 employment: 5,440

2018 median salary: $US24,820

What they do, according to O*NET: Stock clerks organise shelves and tables of merchandise in stores and stockrooms.


Tennessee: Executive secretaries and executive administrative assistants had a 60% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

SolStock/Getty Images

2013 employment: 14,740

2018 employment: 5,870

2018 median salary: $US50,460

What they do, according to O*NET: Executive secretaries and executive administrative assistants organise conference calls, schedule meetings, and take care care of other clerical functions and administrative support.


Texas: Computer-hardware engineers had a 76% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

Getty Images

2013 employment: 8,890

2018 employment: 2,170

2018 median salary: $US116,290

What they do, according to O*NET: Computer hardware engineers design and develop hardware for computers, either for commercial or industrial use.


Utah: Substitute teachers had a 56% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

John Moore/Getty Images

2013 employment: 11,550

2018 employment: 5,030

2018 median salary: $US29,530

What they do, according to BLS: Substitute teachers temporarily fill in for full-time teachers, usually for single days at a time.


Vermont: Teacher assistants had a 13% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

Getty Images / Robert Benson

2013 employment: 5,570

2018 employment: 4,820

2018 median salary: $US31,700

What they do, according to O*NET: Teacher assistants assist teachers in classrooms, sometimes as part of a career path to become teachers themselves.


Virginia: Data-entry keyers had a 38% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

Dotshock/Shutterstock

2013 employment: 5,020

2018 employment: 3,120

2018 median salary: $US34,100

What they do, according to O*NET: Data entry keyers verify data and input it into computers for several types of industries.


Washington: Telemarketers had a 81% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

William Thomas Cain / Stringer / Getty Images

2013 employment: 5,390

2018 employment: 1,050

2018 median salary: $US33,560

What they do, according to O*NET: Telemarketers call potential customers to solicit donations or purchases of goods.


West Virginia: General office clerks had a 33% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

Brynn Anderson/AP

2013 employment: 28,340

2018 employment: 19,110

2018 median salary: $US26,650

What they do, according to O*NET: Office clerks perform clerical duties, which include a wide range of tasks: assisting customers in person, filing documents, answering the phone, and answering emails.


Wisconsin: Machine feeders and offbearers had a 61% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

Adam Glanzman/Getty Images

2013 employment: 5,080

2018 employment: 1,960

2018 median salary: $US29,980

What they do, according to O*NET: Machine feeders and offbearers feed materials into factory machines or equipment.


Wyoming: Operating engineers and other construction-equipment operators had a 28% decline in employment between 2013 and 2018.

Flickr via USACE Europe District

2013 employment: 5,850

2018 employment: 4,240

2018 median salary: $US57,630

What they do, according to O*NET: Operating engineers operate construction equipment, such as bulldozers, tractors, front-end loaders, or compressors at construction sites.

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