A new report by the CDC indicates that between 2011 and 2012, e-cigarette use more than doubled in U.S. middle and high school children.
… the percentage of high school students who reported ever using an e-cigarette rose from 4.7 per cent in 2011 to 10.0 per cent in 2012. In the same time period, high school students using e-cigarettes within the past 30 days rose from 1.5 per cent to 2.8 per cent. Use also doubled among middle school students. Altogether, in 2012 more than 1.78 million middle and high school students nationwide had tried e-cigarettes.
The nicotine vaporizers come in “candy” flavours — like chocolate and apple — which some say attracts kids to the brands. Nicotine is addictive, and the health effects of inhaling the nicotine and the liquid used to vaporize it are still up for debate, though there are claims on both sides of the fence as to the potential harm or non-harm e-cigarettes actually do.
A recent French study claims e-cigarettes are just as bad for smokers as the real ones, yet there have been other studies that claim the contrary, or that e-cigarettes pose much less risk than cigarettes.
The nicotine itself isn’t a cancer-causing agent, so claims that e-cigarettes are “just as harmful” as smoking the real ones could be viewed as an exaggeration. By removing the tobacco burning component of cigarettes, it’s likely that much of the danger that comes from consuming tobacco by smoking, is also removed.
Though none of that changes the fact that nicotine is highly addictive regardless of how it gets into your body, and it’s possible that e-cigarette use could lead to a nicotine and possibly traditional cigarette addiction in kids. Nicotine use by underage children can potentially negatively impact brain development, the CDC report says.
In fact, the report says that most of the kids who had tried an e-cig in the last 30 days — 76% — also smoked cigarettes during that time. Which came first the nicotine addiction or the smoking, isn’t addressed. Only about 20% of the kids to have tried the e-cig had never tried a regular cigarette before. That would be the worrying population — kids to get addicted to nicotine by using e-cigarettes.
Also, the numbers of high school kids consistently using e-cigarettes remains low — 2.8%. Most of those kids are also currently using tobacco.
“About 90 per cent of all smokers begin smoking as teenagers,” Tim McAfee, director of the CDC Office on Smoking and Health, said in a press release. “We must keep our youth from experimenting or using any tobacco product. These dramatic increases suggest that developing strategies to prevent marketing, sales, and use of e-cigarettes among youth is critical.”
Currently, e-cigarettes aren’t regulated in the same way as traditional tobacco products — there aren’t rules against advertising and packaging the nicotine in flavours in the way normal cigarettes are regulated. The FDA has stated their intent to regulate these products, but hasn’t set down any national rules yet. That will likely change soon.
States are enacting laws against minors buying the electronic cigarettes, for example, Hawaii banned their sale to minors at the end of June. E-cigarette companies say they don’t let their distributors sell to underage kids, but it’s easy enough to order online.
Not to dismiss these troubling findings, but we think that focusing on “tried once” is a little scare mongering. When e-cigarette smokers pull out the device at parties or bars, often non-smokers want to give it a puff to see what it’s like. The novelty gets them interested. It is possible a large portion of these kids who have tried them felt the same pull.
Since most were already smokers, they may also be reducing their cigarette consumption or trying to quit altogether by using these e-cigarettes as an alternate source of nicotine. While stories of exploding e-cigarettes will generally get more airtime in the national and international media, studies that show the potential benefits to smokers [PDF] looking to quit by using e-cigarettes can get lost in the mix.
Even the American Cancer Society was quoted in a CNN Health story back in April:
Tobacco smoke causes nearly 90 per cent of lung cancer deaths, according to the American Cancer Society. “If it is a choice between smoking tobacco product or a nicotine replacement — of course, keep taking the nicotine,” Dr. Steven Schroeder said. “It is a heck of a lot healthier than tobacco smoking.”
Adults — and kids — have been smoking regardless of the known health consequences and warnings. If something is available, new and out there, youth will find a way to try it, despite regulations and warnings. But that doesn’t mean there shouldn’t be age restrictions regulating the use of a known addictive substance — such as nicotine — to consumption by those over 18-years-old.
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