The favourite foods and eccentric eating habits of 9 ruthless dictators

Cobra stew. Hallucinogenic root bark. KFC. These were favourite meals of some 20th-century dictators.

In “Dictators’ Dinners: A Bad Taste Guide to Entertaining Tyrants,” Victoria Clark and Melissa Scott offer astonishing insights into dictators’ table manners, food vices, and fears of poisonings. They also include recipes for some of the meals.

We selected several ruthless leaders from the book and highlighted their favourite foods — and some of their horrifying dinnertime eccentricities.

Kim Jong-il loved shark-fin soup and dog-meat soup.

Shark fin soup.

Foods of choice: Kim Jong-il's favourite foods were reportedly shark-fin soup, salo, and dog-meat soup, which he believed gave him immunity and virility. He was also said to be Hennessy's biggest customer.

Source: Dictators' Dinners: A Bad Taste Guide to Entertaining Tyrants

Hitler was a vegetarian and by the end of his life ate only mashed potatoes and broth.

Bundesarchiv

Foods of choice: Hitler's vegetarianism has been attributed to ideological reasons, but it also may have been motivated by his belief that a meatless diet would relieve his chronic flatulence and constipation. By the end of WWII, Hitler ate only mashed potatoes and clear broth.

Source: Dictators' Dinners: A Bad Taste Guide to Entertaining Tyrants

Hitler had a team of 15 food tasters. If none of them dropped dead after 45 minutes, then the food would be considered OK to eat.

Bundesarchiv

Hitler was the führer of Nazi Germany who forcefully occupied large chunks of Europe and North Africa during WWII. He sought to eliminate Jews, gypsies, homosexuals, and others.

Dinner etiquette: Hitler was so paranoid of being poisoned by his food that he had a team of 15 food tasters. Only if none of them dropped dead after 45 minutes would the dictator eat.

Source: Dictators' Dinners: A Bad Taste Guide to Entertaining Tyrants

Joseph Stalin loved traditional Georgian cuisine.

Gozinaki is a traditional Georgian confection made of caramelised nuts, usually walnuts, and fried in honey.

Foods of choice: Stalin was fond of traditional Georgian cuisine featuring walnuts, garlic, plums, pomegranates, and wines.

Source: Dictators' Dinners: A Bad Taste Guide to Entertaining Tyrants

One of Stalin's personal chefs was Vladimir Putin's grandfather, Spiridon Putin.

US Government photo

Joseph Stalin led the Soviet Union from the mid-1920s until his death in 1953. He forced quick industrialisation and collectivization, which coincided with mass starvation, the Gulag labour camps, and the 'Great Purge.'

Dinner etiquette: He enjoyed power-play drinking games and elaborate six-hour dinners prepared by personal chefs including Russian President Vladimir Putin's grandfather, Spiridon Putin.

Source: Dictators' Dinners: A Bad Taste Guide to Entertaining Tyrants, Business Insider

Benito Mussolini loved garlic and thought French food was 'worthless.'

Wikimedia

Foods of choice: Mussolini loved a simple salad of roughly chopped garlic drenched with oil and fresh lemon juice. He thought French food was 'worthless.'

Source: Dictators' Dinners: A Bad Taste Guide to Entertaining Tyrants

Mussolini liked to eat at home with his family. Everyone had to be seated before his arrival.

Getty Images

Benito Mussolini founded and led Italy's Fascist Party from the 1920s, consolidating power and creating a totalitarian state. He allied with Hitler during the World War II, but was later removed from power and executed.

Dinner etiquette: Mussolini preferred to eat his meals at home with his wife, Rachele, and their five children. A typical meal in the Mussolini household was punctual, with everyone seated and served at the table before his arrival.

Source: Dictators' Dinners: A Bad Taste Guide to Entertaining Tyrants, Business Insider

For a while, Amin loved all things British, including afternoon tea.

Getty Images
Ugandan dictator Idi Amin eating a piece of roast chicken.

Gen. Idi Amin overthrew an elected government in a military coup and declared himself president. He ruled ruthlessly for eight years, during which an estimated 300,000 civilians were massacred.

Dinner etiquette: For a while, Idi Amin loved all things British and reportedly enjoyed afternoon tea. There were also rumours of Amin being a cannibal.

Source: Dictators' Dinners: A Bad Taste Guide to Entertaining Tyrants, Business Insider

He enjoyed luxurious meals while peasants were allowed only rice soup.

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Pol Pot and his communist Khmer Rouge movement in Cambodia orchestrated a brutal, anti-intellectual 'social engineering program' in which up to 2 million Cambodians were executed or overworked or starved to death.

Dinner etiquette: Pol Pot enjoyed luxurious meals while those suffering under his regime were allowed only water with a sprinkle of rice grains.

Source: Dictators' Dinners: A Bad Taste Guide to Entertaining Tyrants, Business Insider

Nicolae Ceaușescu liked vegetarian lasagnas and simple salads.

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Foods of choice: Ceaușescu liked vegetarian lasagna topped off with an egg beaten into sour cream, Romanian-style carp in aspic, and simple tomato, onion, and feta salads with steak.

Source: Dictators' Dinners: A Bad Taste Guide to Entertaining Tyrants

Ceaușescu would throw the food served to him at formal events onto the floor and kick it as far as possible.

Wikimedia

Nicolae Ceaușescu was the head of communist Romania from 1965 to 1989. In his repressive state, opposition and free speech were not tolerated. Secret police kept a close watch over internal goings-on.

Dinner etiquette: Ceaușescu notoriously avoided eating food that was not properly screened. He would throw the food served to him at formal events onto the floor and kick it as far as possible.

Source: Dictators' Dinners: A Bad Taste Guide to Entertaining Tyrants, Britannica

Francisco Macías Nguema liked tea made out of the female cannabis plant and root bark with hallucinogenic properties.

Wikimedia

Foods of choice: He liked bhang, a tea made from the leaves of the female cannabis plant, and iboga, a root bark with hallucinogenic properties.

Source: Dictators' Dinners: A Bad Taste Guide to Entertaining Tyrants

There were rumours Nguema was a cannibal who collected skulls in his fridge.

Wikimedia

Francisco Macías Nguema, first president of Equatorial Guinea, killed and drove into exile somewhere between a third and two-thirds of his people (most of whom were intellectuals). Once he had 150 of his opponents killed by troops dressed as Santa Clauses to the accompaniment of 'Those Were the Days.' The country was nicknamed 'The Dachau of Africa' during his reign.

Dinner etiquette: Not much is known. There were, however, rumours he was a cannibal who collected skulls in his refrigerator.

Source: Dictators' Dinners: A Bad Taste Guide to Entertaining Tyrants, VICE

Duvalier's 'idea of after-dinner entertainment involved a descent to a dungeon ... to watch through a spy-hole while his enemies were being tortured.'

Wikimedia

François 'Papa Doc' Duvalier was a doctor turned politician, elected on the promise that he would help the country's poor black majority that had been exploited for years. However, his rule quickly veered south as he installed secret police, and an estimated 30,000 people were shot, imprisoned, or tortured to death.

Dinner etiquette: 'His idea of after-dinner entertainment involved a descent to a dungeon whose walls were painted a blood red, to watch through a spy-hole while his enemies were being tortured,' according to Clark and Scott.

Source: Dictators' Dinners: A Bad Taste Guide to Entertaining Tyrants, Time

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