A Deutsche Bank rates trader was suspended after asking a trading counterparty to join a WhatsApp group, according to a source familiar with the matter.
The incident happened two weeks ago and the bank’s internal investigation is yet to close, the source told Business Insider.
The WhatsApp group was formed to discuss views on interest rates, the person said.
A spokesperson for Deutsche Bank declined to comment.
Rates traders deal in interest rate derivatives such as swaps, futures and options, which often derive their value from benchmarks such as the London Interbank Offered Rate, or Libor.
The market for interest rate derivatives is the biggest in the world and companies and banks use the products to manage their cashflow and hedge against future rate changes.
Banks and brokers are keen to avoid any hint of collusion after the industry was hit with billions in fines from international regulators for attempting to manipulate interest rate benchmarks such as Libor.
Firms have become much more sensitive about how their traders communicate. In the LIBOR rate-fixing scandal, a handful of traders used Bloomberg chat rooms to discuss rates and influence rate-setters for several years leading up to 2012. Tom Hayes, a former UBS and Citigroup banker in London, was jailed for 11 years as part of the scandal.
Firms are still being pursued by regulators. On Wednesday the European Commission fined Crédit Agricole, HSBC and JPMorgan Chase €485 million for operating a cartel in euro interest rate derivatives.
The commission said the banks “colluded on euro interest rate derivative pricing elements, and exchanged sensitive information, in breach of EU antitrust rules.”
Deutsche Bank, along with Barclays and Royal Bank of Scotland, settled their cartel case with the European Union in 2013. The German lender was fined €465 million for the breach at the time.
While mobile phones are banned on trading floors, the WhatsApp incident shows the challenge that new forms of communication and encryption present to banks.