Two of Europe’s biggest investment banks performed miserably in the Federal Reserve stress tests this year, the results of which were announced yesterday.
The US arms Deutsche Bank and Santander, the biggest investment banks in Germany and Spain respectively, both failed to reach the bar
It’s actually the second time that Santander has failed the Fed’s stress test. The review basically just means that the Fed has to approve the bank’s capital plan — what assets they own, compared to the expenditures they plan to have, including dividends. Without a pass, banks aren’t allowed to hike payments to shareholders.
US operations of Deutsche, Germany’s largest bank, and Santander, the biggest bank in Spain, were found to have serious deficiencies in capital planning and risk management, according to a senior Fed official.
The official said that any bank with chronic problems in those areas could eventually face a cease-and-desist order, compelling them to make specific changes or pay financial penalties.
The Wall Street Journal, which had reported late in February that the two European banks’ US arms were likely to fail the tests, has a good breakdown of why banks could fail the tests, along with this snippet on how the Fed is constantly increasing the required standard:
The message to all banks is that the bar is going to keep rising, and they won’t be able to stand still to keep up. Banks have privately chafed at this. “It’s like doing a high jump in the dark. You clear the bar and then it gets raised a little bit for the next jump,” but the banks can’t see exactly how high the bar has been reset, Mark Levonian, a managing director with consulting firm Promontory Financial Group, said in an interview last month. “So you jump as high as you can.”
The two banks passed their European Central Bank stress tests late in 2014, but the tests are based on different sets of criteria, and the Fed is only concerned with the health of the US unit.
Investors don’t seem to care too much this morning: Deutsche Bank’s share price was up 0.07% 10 minutes after markets opened, while Santander dropped 0.45%.