The head of the No.1 investment bank in the world explains why Brexit, Trump and everything else has been great for trading

There were a bunch of events during the course of 2016 that had the potential to send the market into a tailspin.

From Brexit in June to the election of Donald Trump in November and the ‘No’ vote in the Italian referendum in December, there have been unexpected election results and breaks with the status quo.

And while these events spurred trading activity, they did not roil the market in the way that many had predicted. In recent weeks, the US stock market has regularly topped record highs, for example.

According to Daniel Pinto, CEO of JPMorgan’s giant investment bank, the events all triggered what has been called “good volatility.” That is to say that trading has been continuous, trading volumes have been healthy, and markets have been liquid.

That kind of trading is “our business” and a “positive thing,” according to Pinto. Here’s the relevant passage from the interview, which you can read in full here:

Turner: Brexit, the election of Trump, the Italian referendum maybe, they all seem to be breaks from the status quo. Everything is new. There’s a new party in government in the US. The UK is leaving the EU. Who knows what is going to happen in Italy. The market suddenly has to make sense of a lot more new information. Does that create more volume going forward?

Pinto: Probably. The important thing is that the market functions rather than the events or nonevents. The important thing is that at the time an event happens, the market should continue providing liquidity. When asset managers or clients need to reposition their books, in whatever direction, the market liquidity is there at a certain price. Higher volumes and more volatility in a continuous market, where it doesn’t gap, is a good thing. That’s our business. That is a positive thing. The last two or three events were positive events because there was volatility in a market that was functioning.

Turner: There is this distinction between good volatility and bad volatility.

Pinto: Bad volatility is where the market gaps and no one can trade in the middle. These recent moves have been continuous moves.

Turner: So with all that said, what are your expectations for 2017? Will the momentum from 2016 extend in to next year?

Pinto: It probably will. In the US, pro-growth policies will extend the expansionary cycle. There will be more action from the Fed, and that will create more opportunities on the interest rate side. Whatever policies the US takes on trade and globalization, it will have an influence on what does or doesn’t happen in emerging markets. You have plenty of events taking place in Europe. You have a new government in Italy, elections in France and Germany. You have the initiation of the Brexit process. There are plenty of things that create a benign environment for volumes. Growth in the US will create more opportunities in M&A, in equity capital markets. Some of the momentum from this year may go into next year.

Read the whole interview here.

NOW WATCH: 7 inventors who were killed by their own inventions

NOW WATCH: Money & Markets videos

Want to read a more in-depth view on the trends influencing Australian business and the global economy? BI / Research is designed to help executives and industry leaders understand the major challenges and opportunities for industry, technology, strategy and the economy in the future. Sign up for free at