In Scrabble, words are valuable resources — the more you have, the greater your chances of success.
And while most of the 200,000 words in the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary are relatively useless in everyday life, expert Scrabble players dedicate hundreds of hours to memorising them to increase their chances of winning.
There’s no better place for serious players to show off their expansive word knowledge than on the game’s biggest stage: the North American Scrabble Championship, the most recent of which wrapped up in New Orleans in July.
The five-day, 31-game event drew 400 of the top Scrabble players in the country, and their games featured some of the most bizarre words in the dictionary and from every corner of the English language.
Here are 9 of the craziest words played during the tournament:
The word 'wahine,' borrowed from the Maori language of New Zealand, refers to a Polynesian woman. In the mid-20th century, people starting using the word to describe female surfers.
The word is also used in the Hawaiian and Tahitian languages, where it's spelled vahine -- also acceptable in Scrabble.
How to pronounce wahine »
'Sthenia' is defined as 'a condition of abnormal strength or vitality.'
It's a great Scrabble word because of its common letters and its well-known 'hook' -- you can tack on an A to make 'asthenia,' the loss of strength.
How to pronounce sthenia »
The 'zorilla' is Africa's answer to the skunk, even though it's technically a member of the weasel family. Complicating things even further, its name comes from 'zorro,' the Spanish word for fox.
Nomenclatural issues aside, 'zorilla' is a great way to cash in on the valuable Z tile in Scrabble. Its alternate names, 'zoril' and 'zorille,' are also playable.
How to pronounce zorilla »
In Hinduism, a 'yuga' is one of four epochs in the history of the universe. According to tradition, each yuga lasts millions of years, and we are currently living in the fourth yuga.
The word is often capitalised, but appears lowercase enough of the time for it to be included in the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.
How to pronounce yuga »
'Kex' is one of the more obscure words in the Scrabble dictionary -- it's an archaic, dialectal British term for the dry stalk of a hollow-stemmed plant, such as the cow parsnip.
Kexes had several practical applications, from candles to archery bows, according to the citations in an 1878 edition of 'Notes and Queries,' a language-oriented journal from London.
'Sixty or seventy years ago my grandfather, who was the first schoolmaster in Belper, used to make his lead pencils out of dry kex and molten lead,' reads one citation.
More importantly, it's one of just 70 words in Scrabble that contains both K and X.
'Antiweed,' 'antipot,' and 'antimarijuana' are all acceptable in Scrabble, as are hundreds of other 'anti' words.
Some of the more common ones include 'antigang,' 'antinuke,' 'antiporn,' and 'antifur.' You can even be antired -- that is, opposed to communism, not the colour itself.
While these words are usually split by a hyphen, they have appeared unhyphenated in print enough times to warrant standalone entries in the dictionary.
'Menudo' is more than just the Puerto Rican boy band that launched the career of Ricky Martin. It's also a spicy Mexican stew made from beef tripe.
A 'quipu' is a recording device that uses knots and coloured strings to represent numbers, dates, and statistics.
To the Incas and other ancient Andean cultures who used them, quipus conveyed a wide range of meanings depending on the type of knots, the shade of the strings, and the position of the knots on each string.
Some historians believe quipus were also used in storytelling, with the knots corresponding to key episodes from traditional folktales and poetry.
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