As 2014 comes to a close, many folks prepare to commit to their 2015 New Year’s resolutions.
We have a resolution for every 20-something in America who isn’t saving for retirement: start saving now.
Because, with each day you wait to start saving, the difficulty of hitting your retirement goals literally compounds. Literally.
Your Parents Had It Easier
In the good old days, young Americans went to work for an employer who would promise a comfortable retirement in the form of a pension plan — that is, a defined-benefit plan.
Today, it’s increasingly become the responsibility of the worker to put money away for retirement in the form of a 401(k) plan or an IRA — that is, a defined-contribution plan.
The goal of this post is not to explain the mechanics of retirement plans. Rather, we want to show you the importance of beginning to save sooner rather than later.
Compound Interest Is Power
It all comes down to one elementary mathematical principle: compound interest.
Compound interest occurs when the interest that accrues to an amount of money in turn accrues interest itself. It’s the deceivingly simple force that causes wealth to rapidly snowball. This is why it’s the concept that is at the core of all finance.
The folks at JPMorgan Asset Management demonstrate the true power of compound interest in their 2014 “Guide to Retirement.”
Their example consists of three people who experience the same annual return on their retirement funds:
- Susan, who invests $US5,000 per year only from ages 25 to 35 (10 years).
- Bill, who also invests $US5,000 per year, but from ages 35 to 65 (30 years).
- And Chris, who also invests $US5,000 per year, but from ages 25 to 65 (40 years).
Intuitively, it makes sense that Chris would end up with the most money. But the amount he has saved is astronomically larger than the amounts saved by Susan or Bill.
Interestingly, Susan, who saved for just 10 years, has more wealth than Bill, who saved for 30 years.
That discrepancy is explained by compound interest.
You see, all of the investment returns that Susan earned in her 10 years of saving are snowballing — big time. Those returns accrue to the point that Bill can’t catch up, even if he saves for an additional 20 years.
Of course, if Susan saved like Chris … well, if you haven’t noticed, Chris’ savings are equal to the savings of Bill and Susan combined.
The longer you wait to start saving for retirement, the more you miss out on the benefits of the incredible power of compound interest.
Here’s the chart, in slide form, from JP Morgan Asset Management.
Business Insider Emails & Alerts
Site highlights each day to your inbox.