The discovery was made by navy personnel and officials from the customs service, who uncovered the cocaine insider a container aboard a ship bound from Buenaventura, Colombia, and destined for Puerto Queztal in Guatemala.
The 860-pound shipment is not the only major drug bust that has taken place in Manzanillo recently.
Just a week prior to that discovery, Mexican marines intercepted 217 containers of spicy salsa bound from Ecuador to Sinaloa state, farther up Mexico’s west coast, that had cocaine hidden inside. Though the exact size of that cocaine shipment wasn’t confirmed at the time, Reuters reported that a little more than 13 tons was captured.
While Manzanillo is no stranger to illicit activity, the discovery of such a large amount of cocaine over a short period is a reminder that the port, the state that surrounds it, and much of Mexico’s southwest coast are hotbeds for the drug trade — and that competition between criminal organisations for control of that trade has driven violence to new highs.
Colima, where Manzanillo is located, is one of Mexico’s smallest and least populated states, and while it has had fewer homicides than many of Mexico’s other states this year, the spike in violence that it has experienced over the last year outstrips much of the rest of the country.
In the first six months of 2016, Colima had a 338% increase in homicides compared to the same period in 2015, Mexican security analyst Alejandro Hope noted.
Through the first half of this year, Colima had a homicide rate of 39 per 100,000 people, which not only put it well above the national rate of 7.7 per 100,000 over the same period, but also exceeded the 29.3 per 100,000 rate in nearby Guerrero state, which has been racked by organised-crime-related violence in recent months.
“In relative terms, this is probably the worst epidemic of violence since Ciudad Juárez exploded in 2008,” El Daily Post editor Alejandro Hope wrote in late May. “This is even worse, in percentage than the security crisis in Nuevo León and Tamaulipas in 2010-2011.”
In Colima, the fighting is believed to be between the Sinaloa cartel of imprisoned cartel chief Joaquín “El Chapo” Guzmán and the Jalisco New Generation cartel (CJNG). Those two cartels are generally considered to be Mexico’s most powerful.
Like most cartel clashes, this one is over territory.
In Colima and neighbouring states along the Pacific coast, maritime smuggling “has always been important, and the physical infrastructure and transportation infrastructure from the coast to the center of Mexico, to Mexico City importantly, is vital to all kinds of trade, including illicit trade,” David Shirk, a professor at the University of San Diego and director of the school’s Justice in Mexico program, told Business Insider in May.
This geographic appeal as helped attract high levels of violence, as fragmented and weakened criminal organisations compete over not just coastal areas and inland smuggling areas, but also control of cultivation areas, particularly in Guerrero state.
According to Hope, just south of Colima in Michoacan state, also a hub of drug trafficking, there were 480 homicides in the first five months of this year, 37% more than over the same period last year (though, Hope notes, it is still less than occurred in the first five months of 2014, when cartels and civilian self-defence groups were clashing).
Guerrero state, south of Michoacan on Mexico’s Pacific coast, is the site of extensive heroin production, and competition between criminal organisations — Sinaloa and CJNG among them — helped give the state the second-most homicides in the country through the first five months of the year.
Acapulco, formerly a tourist mecca on Guerrero’s coast, is now the most violent city in the country. Mexican forces off the coast of Acapulco seized nearly 1,900 pounds of cocaine aboard two vessels in late July.
While its hard to state precisely the amount of drugs smuggled over a period of time, recent seizures suggest that smuggling along Mexico’s west coast has continued unabated amid the region’s rising violence and despite the government’s intense response in some parts of the area.
That is perhaps the surest sign that neither trend will decline any time soon.
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