For anyone pushing for economic reform in China — who is concerned about the country’s eye-popping over-250% debt-to-GDP ratio — this may be cause for concern.
Zhou is a reformer, opposed to loose monetary policy.
In other words, Zhou is in favour feeling pain now, for the short term, in order to balance the Chinese economy from one based on investment, to one more reliant on consumption.
And for a moment there, it seemed like the government might be on board with Zhou. Earlier this month the country had a dismal economic data dump including the worst numbers for industrial production since 2008. According to Morgan Stanley, corporations are in even worse shape.
A few years ago (or less) that might have meant it was time to turn on the money spigot — maybe lower interest rates — in order to still achieve the country’s target GDP rate for the year.
But as you can see from this Societe General chart, China has allowed its GDP to slow along with its industrial production.
Instead of a full-on stimulus, China initiated some “targeted easing” in response to the bad data. It’s a little bump, nothing life changing. As a result, analysts started talking about the government doing the once-unthinkable, and missing its 2014 GDP rate target of 7.5%.
The government is trying to tell the people of China that they should be ok with a slow down. At a recent conference, Xi Jinping indicated economic indicators were “still within a reasonable range” and that China would maintain “prudent monetary policy” and “targeted easing,” Barclays reported in a recent note.
The government mouthpiece, Xinhua News Agency, accused those calling for fresh stimulus after the bad data dump of “failing to clearly see the Chinese economy’s new normal.”
Based on the news that Zhou is on the outs, though, it seems Chinese officials may be getting cold feet.
At a May 2014 meeting the head of the Central Bank’s monetary policy said that, “Everybody seems to be interested in talking about reform, but they really fear what they are professing to love,” according to the WSJ.
Analysts now believe that China may miss a 2016 target to liberalize interest rates.
And while a full on interest rate cut may not come now, Societe Generale wrote in a recent note that it could be coming in December.
“…we think the central bank will have to change its language at the Q3 meeting and prepare the financial market for a lift-off. And if our outlook for growth and inflation continues to pan out, the CBC should deliver a 12.5bp cut at its December meeting, bringing the policy rate to 2%. That would still be just normalisation, as the policy rate is still far below the historical average.”
The problem is that “normal” may still be a problem for China’s economy. Reform is about setting a new normal, not being complacent about more of the same.