Canada has an oil source under its lands that is the second largest after Saudi Arabia.
Its ‘oil sands’ in the northwest of the country, made of a mixture of sand, water and oil slick, is becoming the biggest source of crude oil imports into the U.S. in 2010, as a new report of the research group IHS shows.
The first attempts to make use of this natural phenomenon were made in the 1960s, however the massive expansion of extraction facilities kicked off after 2003, with oil prices rising.
But production is a risky business — a tremendous amount of water and natural gas is used for the extraction process, and nearby boreal forests have been destroyed for open pit mining.
Canadian geese fly over a mining site. The debate whether wildlife is protected from the toxic areas is still going on.
The ridiculously small spot on the right is a scarecrow to keep the birds from landing on the oily surface.
NOW WATCH: Briefing videos
Business Insider Emails & Alerts
Site highlights each day to your inbox.