Washington just reached the mother of all budget deals of the Obama era

Washington may have solved almost all of its budget problems through the 2016 presidential election.

Congressional leaders and the White House came to tentative terms on a major budget deal in the wee hours of Tuesday morning.

Its passage is far from certain, but it will come as House Speaker John Boehner’s (R-Ohio) likely final act before he leaves Congress at the end of the week and hands over the role to Rep. Paul Ryan (R-Wisconsin).

The agreement, which would last for two years, comes just days before the Treasury Department warned it was running low on cash to keep paying the government’s obligations, as the nation brushed up against the debt ceiling. And it comes a little more than a month before another potential government-shutdown showdown.

The deal could run into resistance from both parties’ hard-line factions — conservatives are already grumbling about the accord, while some Democrats could push back against changes to Medicare and Social Security.

“We anticipate fierce resistance from conservative Republicans, but John Boehner knows how to get a deal done. His parting gift to Paul Ryan will be a package that should get just enough support from GOP lawmakers while winning a majority from Democrats. Boehner is loathed on the right, but what does he care? He’s just a few days away from retirement.

Here’s a brief look at some of what’s included in the deal:

  • It would raise spending levels in equal amounts in defence and non-defence areas and avert a potential government shutdown in December. Those spending increases would be offsets through other spending cuts.
  • It would tackle a glitch that could leave many seniors with Medicare premium hikes next year.
  • The accord would cut spending on Medicare and Social Security disability benefits. Beneficiaries of the Social Security disability system face steep cuts next year unless Congress acts, as the fund is set to run dry. A source familiar with the negotiations told Business Insider that the deal would include “long-term entitlement reforms” to the Social Security disability program. The source said it would save $US168 billion in long-term spending.
  • Attached to the deal would be separate legislation to raise the nation’s debt limit well past the 2016 election, through March 2017. The US Treasury Department has warned that Congress needs to raise the debt ceiling by November 3 to avoid a potential first-ever default.

Congress could vote on the bill as soon as Wednesday. But it was already running into opposition from some conservatives among the influential House Freedom Caucus. Two persuasive conservative groups, Heritage Action and the Club for Growth, also said they would oppose the legislation.

“This budget and debt deal is being brokered by a lame duck speaker and a lame duck president,” Heritage Action CEO Michael A. Needham and Club for Growth President David McIntosh said in a joint statement.

“It represents the very worst of Washington — a last minute deal that increases spending and debt under the auspices of fiscal responsibility. If this deal moves forward, it will undermine efforts to unite the party by those promising to advance serious policy reforms.”

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