- There are unbelievably beautiful natural wonders across the world.
- Photographs capture the vibrant colours of canyons, forests, and rocky shorelines.
- In Colombia, a unique plant turns a river bright red every year.
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Natural wonders come in all shapes and sizes. From China’s Tianzi mountains to the Verdon Gorge in southeastern France, there are incredible places all over the planet.
Keep reading to learn about 50 of the most beautiful natural wonders on Earth â€” and let the photos transport you to another place.
Caño Cristales River in Colombia is also known as “the river of five colours” or “liquid rainbow.”
This body of water actually looks pretty normal most of the time – at least until it explodes into colour from around July through November.
During this time, Macarenia clavigera, a unique plant that lines the bottom of the river, turns a vibrant red, interspersed with blue waters, green moss, and yellow sand.
Antelope Canyon in Arizona is known for its wave-like patterns and tall sandstone walls.
A slot canyon in Arizona, Antelope Canyon, has narrow walkways that were formed by millions of years of water erosion.
While its distinct hexagonal columns look man-made, the Giant’s Causeway in Northern Ireland was formed naturally by volcanic activity millions of years ago.
The largest of these columns stands 36 feet high.
Located in the Indian Ocean, the island of Socotra has plant life that’s found nowhere else on the planet.
One of the more notable species on the island of Socotra is the dragon’s blood trees. Their canopies look like flying saucers.
The Chocolate Hills of Bohol Island in the Philippines are known for their odd cone shapes.
The Chocolate Hills vary in height from 98 feet to 393 feet. During dry season, the grass turns a distinct brown colour, reminiscent of chocolate. There are more than 1,268 cone-shaped hills covering an area of 31 miles.
At Skógafoss in Skógar, Iceland, the heavy amount of spray that the waterfall produces makes a sunny-day rainbow sighting very likely.
Skógafoss flows from not one, but two glaciers(Eyjafjallajokull and Myrdalsjokull). According to legend, a viking named Thrasi hid his chest of gold under this stunning waterfall.
The terraces at Badab-e Surt in Iran were created after two mineral hot springs eroded away rock over thousands of years, leaving behind deposits that give the site its unique shape.
Water regularly gathers in the terraces of rust-coloured minerals that turn a fiery red at sunset.
The Tianzi mountains in China are made up of towers of eroded and exposed rocks.
An inspiration for the alien visages in James Cameron’s “Avatar,” some of the towers are as tall as 4,100 feet with sandstone peaks that are 300 million years old.
The ledges capture soil, allowing forests to grow around and even on top of the peaks.
Human error and geothermic activity collided to create the Fly Geyser in the Black Rock Desert, Nevada.
The geyser formed after a geothermic energy company failed to reseal a test well, the geothermic heat forcing the water upward in a geyser. For the past 40 years, the water has brought minerals to the desert service creating the geyser’s distinct mound.
Thor’s Well in Oregon appears to be a bottomless sinkhole.
While it’s named after a Norse god, the sinkhole is reminscent of the Greek mythological creature Charybdis, which drowned sailors trapped in its currents. Thor’s Well probably formed when an undersea cave’s roof collapsed, creating the sight of the sea sinking into itself.
Waitomo Glowworm Caves in New Zealand is home to thousands of twinkling glow worms.
The caves have been open to the public since 1889, but known to the indigenous Maori people for much longer. In fact, Waitomo comes from the Maori wordswai, for water, and tomo, for hole or entrance.
The magical experience is heightened by the fact that visitors silently glide through the caves by gondola.
The bubble-gum pink Lake Hillier in Australia is a mystery.
The bubble-gum pink lake defies science: No one knows why it’s as pink as it is, or why the colour is actually stronger the further from the lake you are. Most believe that it’s caused by a specific algae in the lake that is drawn to its high salinity, as well as a pink bacteria known as halobacteria.
Whatever the reason for its unique hue, the lake sits on Middle Island, an island on the Recherche Archipelago that is used solely for research purposes, and can only be viewed by helicopter.
Spotted Lake in British Columbia, Canada, is known for its strange, almost alien pattern of spots.
The lake‘s pattern is caused by minerals: magnesium sulfate, calcium, and sodium sulfates, along with other minerals.
Red Beach in Panjin, China, gets its distinct crimson colour from an abundance of “red weed” called Chenopodium that thrives in alkaline soil.
The area around Red Beach is also known as home to one of the rarest cranes in the world – the red crowned crane.
In Pamukkale, Turkey, terraces hold warm water pooled from natural hot springs.
Known as “cotton castle” in Turkish, the terraces were created over time by limestone mineral deposits from geothermal activity.
Kjeragbolten is a 177-cubic-foot boulder nestled in a mountain crevice in Norway.
The redwoods in Redwood National Park, California, are some of the tallest trees in the world.
With over 139,000 acres of trees, the Redwood National Park covers California’s northern coast. The redwoods are some of the tallest trees in the world; one stands 379 feet high and is around 600 years old.
Mount Fuji in Honshu, Japan, is an active volcano, last erupting in 1707.
Japan’s tallest mountain (12,388 feet high) towers over the nearby countryside, which is often enveloped in a thick layer of fog.
Masazir Lake in Azerbaijan has a pink colour that’s strongest in the summer.
The sand dunes of Lençóis Maranhenses National Park in Maranhao, Brazil, are a mesmerising sight.
The blinding white sand dunes are inter-cut with rivers, pushing the thousands of tons of sand out into the Atlantic Ocean.
Zhangye Danxia Landform Geological Park is home to colourful, striped mountains in Gansu, China.
Danxia refers to a special type of landscape found in southwestern China. The colourful mountains are made up of layers of minerals and rock, which were disrupted when tectonic plates caused the island that is now India to collide with the rest of the Eurasia continent.
Now a protected UNESCO World Heritage Site, the once little-known wonder is a popular tourist draw – and for good reason. Chances are you’ve never seen anything like it before.
Salar de Uyuni, Bolivia, is vast oasis of salt.
When lakes near these Bolivian salt flats overflow, they create a majestic mirrored surface that reflects the sky and clouds above. The Salar de Uyuni are the largest of their kind and cover a whopping 4,050 square miles of the Bolivian Altiplano.
Ha Long Bay in Vietnam is a UNESCO World Heritage site.
The best way to see Ha Long’s awe-inspiring limestone towers is by boat. In fact, many tourists stay overnight on a boat in the bay.
The Dead Sea, in Israel and Jordan, is the perfect spot for floating.
Sitting at 1,410 feet below sea level, the Dead Sea is the lowest body of water on Earth’s surface. Located in a desert and featuring a high concentration of salt, it’s easy for visitors to float.
The water is beautiful enough on its own, but the deposits and columns of salt that rise out of the water give it a unique, otherworldly look.
In the warmer months, lush greenery is offset by deep blue waters in Geiranger Fjord in Møre og Romsdal County, Norway.
A fjord is best described as an underwater valley. Formed by glaciers, these long and narrow waterways are deep and surrounded by steep mountains on all sides. The Geiranger Fjord is one of Norway’s most famous, and is also a UNESCO World Heritage site.
Lake Nakuru, Kenya, is home to rhinos, hippos, waterbucks, and buffalo.
Gorgeous Lake Nakaru sits in a national park famous for its epic bird-watching, especially its bright pink flamingos. The large, shallow lake is surrounded by marshes and grassland.
In Goblin Valley State Park, Utah, the rock formations are also known as goblins.
Cowboys discovered the valley while searching for cattle in the early 1900s. The valley’s rock formations were formed by both wind and water erosion.
The Beach of the Cathedrals is an impressive, rocky beach in Galicia, Spain.
These incredible buttress-like formations were shaped solely by nature.
Tegalalang Rice Terrace in Indonesia offers a vibrant green landscape with towering palm trees.
Indonesia is known for its terraced rice fields – and Tegalalang is one of the most well-known. Farmers here use an irrigation system that’s been passed down for centuries.
Reynisfjara Beach in Vik, Iceland, looks otherworldly thanks to its black sand, basalt stone columns, and the fog that sometimes envelops it.
You probably won’t want to sunbathe on Reynisfjara, but that doesn’t mean it’s not worth a visit. If you’re lucky, you might even catch a glimpse of the Northern Lights.
Verdon Gorge in the south of France is famous for its turquoise waters.
The Verdon Gorge’s blue-green waters are a picturesque setting for activities ranging from swimming to kayaking.
The rugged Cliffs of Moher in County Clare, Ireland, offer unparalleled views of the ocean below.
One of Ireland’s most-visited natural attractions, the Cliffs of Moher stretch along the country’s west coast for five majestic miles.
The Grand Canyon is Arizona’s best-known natural beauty, and for good reason: Between its immense size and breathtaking views, this natural phenomenon is a must-see.
The canyon stretches on for 277 river miles and spans 18 miles from side to side. While the South Rim is open all year round, the North Rim is open to visitors on a more seasonal basis.
Monteverde Cloud Forest in Monte Verde, Costa Rica, feels and looks like a jungle paradise even on damper days.
Even better, this biological reserve is known to be home to a multitude of species. In fact, it’s one of only a few places around the world that boasts all six species of the cat family.
Jeju Island in South Korea is also known for its spectacular lava tubes — caves formed by cooling lava.
Jeju Island boasts South Korea’s highest mountain, Hallasan, a dormant volcano that towers nearly 6,400 feet above sea level.
Between the colourful cliffs and the azure blue waters below, Hawaii’s Na Pali Coast is sure to wow any visitor.
Hiking the cliffs will afford you 4,000-foot-high views of the Pacific Ocean and Kalalau Valley, as well as plenty of beautiful waterfalls along the way.
The largest gypsum deposit in the world, White Sands National Monument is a serene expanse of glittering, white sand that’s located in the Chihuahuan Desert, New Mexico.
The gypsum that forms these gently sloping dunes comes from a nearby ephemeral lake that has a high mineral content. As the water from this lake evaporates, minerals remain, which then form gypsum deposits that are carried by the wind.
The Maldives’ Bioluminescent Beaches light up the night sky.
To experience the Maldives’ magical glowing beaches, you can visit any of the 1,190 islands that comprise the South Asian sovereign state. Some of the top spots to see this natural light show – the result of bioluminescent plankton – include Athuruga, Reethi, and Mirihi.
The stunning colours of the Marble Caves in Chile vary as water levels fluctuate throughout the year.
Located in Patagonia on Lake General Carrera, Chile’s Marble Caves (also known as the “Marble Cathedral”) were created more than 6,000 years ago by waves that eroded the rocks.
Mono Lake in California is known for eye-catching, calcium-carbonite structures known as tufa towers.
Mono Lake spans 65 square miles and has a high salt content, meaning it’s easy for visitors to float.
El Yunque National Forest in Puerto Rico earns the distinction of being the sole tropical rainforest in the US National Forest System.
It is situated outside of San Juan.
China’s Stone Forest is 270 million years old.
As the name implies, this is basically a 150-square mile forest made of stone. The giant, otherworldly pillars are ancient karst formations, created by water and wind erosion, as well as seismic activity. The forest also features caves, waterfalls, ponds, and lakes, as well as an underground river.
The Fairy Pools are incredibly clear pools on the Isle of Skye, Scotland.
Skye’s enchanting Fairy Pools are only accessible on foot via the Glen Brittle forest.
Milford Sound in New Zealand was created by glaciers during the ice age.
This fjord – located off the coast of New Zealand’s South Island – is renowned for its dynamic scenery, from waterfalls to soaring mountain peaks.
Mt. Erebus in Antarctica dates back 1.3 million years.
Mt. Erebus, the world’s southernmost active volcano, stretches a whopping 12,448 feet above sea level.
Iguazu Falls is an awe-inspiring sight in Argentina and Brazil.
Spanning Argentina and Brazil, the Iguazu Falls are part of a massive waterfall system that totals around 275 waterfalls.
Tianmen Cave in Zhangjiajie, China, is one of the highest naturally formed arches on the planet.
Visitors have to mount a 999-step “stairway to heaven” to reach the site, which is situated 5,000 feet above sea level.
Known mostly for its pink sand beaches, Harbour Island in the Bahamas remains mostly untouched by humans.
The island’s other draws include Devil’s Backbone, a coral reef filled with marine life, and Dunmore Town, whose pastel-coloured homes will charm any visitor.
The Blyde River Canyon in South Africa is known for its unique geology, including the Pinnacle, a looming quartzite column.
Blyde River Canyon sits at an elevation of more than 2,600 feet. This canyon also boasts diverse flora and fauna.
Along the cliff walls of Garni Gorge in Armenia are basalt columns.
The Garni Gorge is characterised by vertical cliffs notable for their basalt columns. You can only reach this breathtaking site by car.
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