The US Treasury still doesn't know what is going on in the world's biggest bond market

Treasury counselor Antonio Weiss says the October 15 2014 bond market flash crash could happen again.

The sharp sell-off and rebound rocked the US Treasury market, the biggest and most liquid bond market in the world.

Yields on the US 10-year note fell 34 basis points, or 0.34%, in a matter of minutes, before rallying almost immediately afterward.

“It did self-correct,” Weiss said of the October 15th crash during a Brookings Institution panel about bond market liquidity on Monday.

“But just because it did self-correct the one time, you can’t count on it self-correcting at a future date.”

Regulators have struggled to nail down the causes of the crash. Last month, the New York Fed, the SEC, the CFTC, and the Treasury Department released a joint report that found that the crash resulted from number of factors, with no specific cause.

Or, as Weiss said on Monday: “We did not uncover a single ‘smoking gun.'”

He added: “Put simply, we cannot get the information we need to analyse risk across Treasury markets in anything that approaches real time, and that has to change.”

He pointed to the benefits and risks of high-frequency trading, calling it, “quite simply, a disruptive technological innovation which has reshaped an entire industry structure.”

Regulators must recognise that high-frequency traders are “here to stay,” he said.

Weiss added that it was important for regulators to focus on four types of risk: operational, oversight, fair dealing, and market resiliency.

The only problem is that the US Treasury doesn’t have access to the data that would enable it to properly analyse those risks, Weiss said.

You can read his full remarks here.

NOW WATCH: The truth about those crazy calendar trends stock market gurus always talk about

NOW WATCH: Money & Markets videos

Want to read a more in-depth view on the trends influencing Australian business and the global economy? BI / Research is designed to help executives and industry leaders understand the major challenges and opportunities for industry, technology, strategy and the economy in the future. Sign up for free at research.businessinsider.com.au.