Amazon becomes the 2nd US company to join the $1 trillion club

TwitterJeff Bezos

It’s official: Amazon is the second American company to achieve a valuation of more than $US1 trillion.

Shares of the e-commerce giant gained about 2% in trading Tuesday to hit an all-time high of $US2,050.27. Multiplied by the current number of shares outstanding – 487,741,189 – that puts the company’s book value just over the same symbolic milestone that Apple hit less than one month ago.

One trillion is a difficult number to imagine, regardless of what’s being counted. And even less so when it’s the value of a 24-year-old company with a plethora of business units in addition to its core retail focus. For context, the entire US stock market – the sum of all publicly traded American companies including Amazon – hit $US30 trillion back in January.

Even more telling is Amazon’s size when compared to the entire national stock markets of other countries. It’s book value is now greater than that of every stock listed in all but 13 countries, including those of Taiwan, Spain, and Italy, according to the CIA’s World Factbook.

For the fiscal year 2017, Amazon and its 560,000 employees around the world reported total sales of $US177.87 billion, netting it an adjusted profit of $US6.15 per share, according to the company’s annual report.

But of that massive revenue, retail is slowly beginning to take a backseat to other, higher-margin services. Amazon Web Services, for instance, a unit that provides hosting and cloud computing for other businesses, brought in $US20 billion of revenue in 2017.

Here’s the breakdown of how Morgan Stanley – one of the stock’s most bullish sell-side shops -sees Amazon’s five main units in terms of value:

Amazon 2500 SOTP breakdownMorgan Stanley Research

Note that Morgan Stanley’s theoretical breakdown assumes a stock price of $US2,500 – higher than Amazon’s current price, and thus a market value of slightly higher at $US1.32 trillion.

Such astronomical growth from a small, Seattle book seller to one of the world’s biggest companies, has made its founder and chief executive, Jeff Bezos, easily the richest person in the world. The 54-year-old is now worth more than $US166 billion, according to Bloomberg’s billionaires index on Tuesday. The riches have largely come through his ownership of 16.3% of Amazon’s outstanding stock. Bezos brought home an annual salary of $US81,840 in 2017, according to regulatory filings.

“This year marks the 20th anniversary of our first shareholder letter, and our core values and approach remain unchanged,” Bezos said in his 2017 letter to shareholders in March of this year.

“We continue to aspire to be Earth’s most customer-centric company, and we recognise this to be no small or easy challenge. We know there is much we can do better, and we find tremendous energy in the many challenges and opportunities that lie ahead.”

NOW WATCH: Money & Markets videos

Business Insider Emails & Alerts

Site highlights each day to your inbox.

Follow Business Insider Australia on Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, and Instagram.