Explore The Forgotten Rocket Bases That Once Sent Americans To The Moon

Abandoned spaceRoland MillerApollo Saturn V F1 Engine Test Stand, Edwards Air Force Base, California

The US’ space program was one of the most impressive feats of human ingenuity in history — a series of events that captured the hearts and minds of everyone who witnessed them. The amount of research, creativity, and manpower that went into the space program was staggering, even when we look back on it decades later.

But as space technology moves further away from governmental oversight and towards commercialization, for better or worse, what happens to the history and relics of our nation’s revered past in space exploration?

Many of the facilities — once used for research, testing, and launching — now sit dormant, decommissioned years ago, now rusting in the sun. Others have met a worse fate, having been demolished and lost forever.

They have almost all been forgotten, but photographer Roland Miller is trying to do something about that. For the past 25 years, Miller has traveled all across the US, photographing decommissioned NASA, Air Force, Army and commercial space launch and test sites in an effort to document them before they disappear.

These photographs will soon be being released in a book titled “Abandoned in Place,” which features a diverse selection of Miller’s work, spanning more than two decades. You can see more of Miller’s work here or contribute to his Kickstarter campaign for the project.

“In the end, my main purpose is to preserve the remains of these historic sites in the only way possible, through photography,” Miller said.

Miller was totally mesmerized by space at an early age 'like most kids growing up in the 1960s,' he says. It seemed magical to him at the time. 'I can clearly remember the night Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin walked on the moon,' he tells Business Insider.

1V2 Launch Site with Hermes A-1 Rocket, Launch Complex 33 Gantry, White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico

But it wasn't until the early 1990s that Miller began shooting this project. He was teaching photography in Brevard County, Florida, about a 30 minute drive from Cape Canaveral. A friend of his was cleaning out an office building on the grounds and had discovered an old photo studio. He asked Miller to help him dispose of the old photo processing chemicals safely.

Flooded Room Beneath Pad 19, Gemini Titan Complex 19, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

During that time, 'I visited Launch Complex 19, the Gemini launch complex, and I knew immediately I wanted to photograph it,' Miller says.

Launch Ring, Launch Complex 34, (Apollo Saturn) Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The chance encounter inspired Miller to photograph more of the base. As different programs and areas of the facility were decommissioned, Miller gained access and made more work.

Atlas Complex 13, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

It was another chance encounter that sparked Miller to expand the series. An early showing of the photographs in Huntsville, Alabama, gave him the opportunity to photograph at the Marshall Space Flight Center. 'I quickly realised that I should expand the project and photograph at other space centres and test facilities,' he explains.

Pressure Gauge Panel, Apollo Saturn V F1 Engine Test Stand, Boeing Facility, Santa Susana, California

Since then, Miller has photographed across the US at NASA, Air Force, Army and commercial space launch and test sites, capturing these historical places in an effort to preserve them before they are gone for good. Miller estimates that 50% are already demolished now.

Canyon Runoff, Apollo Saturn V F1 Engine Test Stand, Boeing Facility, Santa Susana, California

Gaining access to these bases was not always easy. Sometimes it took years and several different plans of attack to finally be approved and escorted on the grounds. But, as he produced more work and showed the photographs to authorities, they began to became more supportive of the project.

Missile Fuel, Atlas Complex 13, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

Through the photographing of these places, Miller says he gained a better understanding of the huge amount of intelligence, creativity, and work that went in to the space program, especially during the Cold War. 'I am humbled by the ingenuity and dedication of the individuals who designed, built, and operated these facilities,' he says.

Wind Tunnel Test Chamber with Model, 7 X 10 Foot Wind Tunnel, NASA Langley Research Center, Virginia

He says he was lucky enough to meet many of these smart, hard-working people who contributed to the work. He tells Business Insider, 'Whether custodians or rocket scientists, they all understood what beating the Russians to the moon meant to the United States.'

Launch Control Room, Titan ICBM Missile Silo 395 Charlie, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California, 1995

Miller continues: 'I think landing a man on the Moon will stand as one of the greatest technological and exploration achievements in history. I think it says that we, as a nation, can do amazingly difficult things if we put our hearts, minds, and ingenuity to work.'

Rocket Fuel Handler Suit, Titan ICBM Missile Silo 395 Charlie,Vandenberg Air Force Base, California

Miller also hopes viewers will ask questions about why the public lost interest in the space program after the initial few moon landings. When asked whether he thinks enough has been done to save these facilities from abandonment and decay, Miller explains that he certainly wishes 'more could be done to preserve these sites, but the reality is that the funding does not exist.'

Rubber Room, Shelter Dome Seating, Apollo Saturn V Complex 39A, NASA Kennedy Space Center, Florida

Miller believes future of space exploration is bright, though. The past week has been an incredibly difficult and tragic one for commercial spaceflight, but Miller sees commercialization as a natural progression.

Catacombs, Apollo Saturn V F1 Engine Test Stand, Edwards Air Force Base, California

But, he says, spaceflight is risky business and no one in the industry takes their work lightly. He explains further: 'There is a small plaque on the launch pedestal at Launch Complex 34 commemorating the Apollo One spacecraft fire that occurred there in January of 1967. It reads, 'Ad Astra Per Aspera -a rough road leads to the stars.' Amen.'

Apollo One Fire Commemorative Blockhouse Service, Apollo Saturn Complex 34,Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

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