Nearly 9.8 million Chinese high school students took the National College Entrance Exam, called gaokao, on June 7 and 8.
The emphasis on a two-day test has sparked criticism from some educators because of the incredible amount of pressure it places on students leading up to just one test.
Gaokao has also been linked to China’s rising suicide rate because of mounted pressure and poor test results.
Hengshui High School, the highest achieving secondary schools in gaokao over the last 14 years, has these as its two mottos: “Life is not a rehearsal, because you won’t have the chance to live it all over again,” and “If you haven’t died from hard work, just work harder.”
At Hengshui, students study from 5:30 a.m. to 9:50 p.m., cannot have cell phones and are allowed just one day of vacation every month. Cameras are placed in each classroom to monitor students for laziness.
These types of tactics are increasingly common at what many are calling gaokao-sweatshops — schools that exclusively prepare students for gaokao.
“I usually spent three to five minutes eating dinner,” a former student of Hengshui told China Daily.
Needless to say, the stakes are insanely high.
The Ministry of Education reported that students are competing for 6.5 million vacancies in universities across the country, according to Xinhua News agency. Currently the test is divided into three main areas: Chinese, maths, and English, though there are other more specialised tests, too. The country’s education ministry recently announced plans to reduce emphasis on English and instead bolster Chinese in the near future.
The pictures (via Reuters) are dazzling.
Students taking an English exam in an exam hall at Dongguan University. English is one of three main areas of testing, along with maths and Chinese.
Art students draw sketches in Jianan, Shandong province.
A mother waits outside in Hefei, Anhui province. In some parts of the country, authorities banned outdoor square dancing (a popular activity for elderly Chinese people) within 500 feet of testing buildings because of the loud music.
Students taking the bus to their exam in Liu’an, Anhui province. Thousands of family and friends crowded the streets in support as they left for the test.
Zheng Dong (left) studies in a hotel room in Shanghai near the site of his exam. In Beijing, over 1,700 taxi drivers offered to give free rides to students in town for the test.
Invigilators monitor examinees in Suining, Sichuan in case of any sudden cheating. Leading up to gaokao, some high schools place security cameras in classrooms to monitor students in case of laziness.
A student takes a quick study break. Some schools have been criticised for producing “robots” who study 15 hours per day for gaokao.
Students self-studying at night in Hefel, Anhui province. 9.8 million students took gaokao this year, in comparison with 1.8 million students who take the SAT.
Parents in Huaibei, Anhui wait for their children to finish the exam.
Leading up to the exam, students and teachers take part in pressure-release activities, like this trust-fall.
Students walk by Confucius after a rainy morning in Wuhan. Many temples were flooded in the weeks leading up to the test with parents praying to Confucius, China’s great educator.
A security check in Shenyang, Lioning province. Authorities vowed to crack down on cheating during the exams this year.
A hidden camera inside a pen (second from the left) and a receiver disguised as an eraser confiscated by police.
Glasses containing a hidden camera and a coin with a tiny receiver.
A more complex cheating contraption in Chengdu, Sichuan provence.
Confiscated cell phones and receivers. The Ministry of Education said students caught cheating would be stripped of enrollment qualifications for 1-3 years.
A morale-boosting exercise in Hengshui, Hebei province. Students waved flags and shouted “Come on Hengshui No. 2 high school, you are the best!”
Police tried to contain students as they lined up to register for the exam.
Parents in Shanghai waited for the exams to finish.
Applicants walking outside after finishing their first day of testing.
A teacher checking examinees names in Hefel. Because of the importance of one test, “gaokao-sweatshops” — high schools that prepare students exclusively for the test — have become increasingly common.
These students took oxygen while studying chemistry at a hospital in Suining.
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