Australia topped the list for having the largest number of deadly shark attacks in 2014 with two fatalities and 11 people injured by the animals.
Earlier this month, Japanese surfer Tadashi Nakahara was killed at Ballina on the New South Wales north coast when a shark attacked him. The beaches were closed for a number of days following the attack with numerous shark sightings.
Beaches off Newcastle were also shut for more than a week last month when a monster great white was spotted lurking off the coast.
In the past 14 years, 26 people have been killed by sharks in Australia.
Surf lifesavers keep a look out for the predators and alert beach-goers if they see anything.
This will isolate you and make it harder for help to get to you.
Sharks have an incredible sense of smell and can track down blood to its source.
Sharks pick up contrast well and reflective objects could look like fish scales.
Sewage attracts bait fish which in turn attracts sharks.
These are where sharks frequently swim.
They could be behaving erratically because a shark is nearby.
10. Refrain from excessive splashing, and if you are diving and are approached by a shark, stay as still as possible.
Unpredictable movements can attract a curious shark.
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