Earlier today, gunmen stormed the Paris headquarters of satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo, killing 12 people, including Charlie Hebdo’s editor-in-chief Stéphane Charbonnet.
As the gunmen stormed the building, they shouted “We have avenged the prophet” and “Allahu Akbar,” leading many to the conclusion that the attacks were a retaliation against the magazine’s long history of provoking Muslims and other groups with controversial magazine covers.
We’ve collected a number of the magazine’s most notable and most controversial covers.
It renamed the magazine Charia Hebdo, in reference to Shari'a law, and named the Prophet Muhammad as a 'guest editor.' In the cartoon, Muhammed states, '100 lashes if you don't die of laughter!' The issue sparked a hacking of the magazine's website and arson of the magazine's office.
It reads 'Love is stronger than hate,' and features a Muslim man kissing a Charlie Hebdo cartoonist.
The cover features a weeping Muhammed with the headline, 'Muhammed Overwhelmed By Fundamentalists,' and the caption reading, 'It's hard being loved by idiots.' The issue featured reprintings of controversial cartoons originally printed in Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten. Muslim groups sued the magazine, but Charlie Hedbo prevailed in 2007.
It reads, 'Michael Jackson, white at last.'
The cartoon features a member of ISIS about to behead Muhammed and calling him an infidel. The caption reads, 'If Muhammad were to return...' In response to criticism, the magazine's editor Charb told the Cairo Post, '(ISIS) has failed to understand the concepts of Islam to a point where they could consider the Muslim prophet an infidel.'
In September 2010, France banned the use of the burqa, the niqab, and other face-covering garments. It inspired this cover.
The cover reads, 'Yes to wearing burqas.' The caption clarifies, '... on the inside!'
In September 2012, this cover lead France to close its embassies, consulates, cultural centres and schools in twenty countries.
The cover satirizes two popular movies at the time, 'The Intouchables,' a French film about a paralysed rich white man, who hires a poor black man to take care of him, and 'Innocence of Muslims,' a controversial anti-Islamic movie that was credited as the spark to the Benghazi Attack. The cover features an Orthodox Jewish man pushing a Muslim man in a wheelchair. The caption reads, 'Don't mock!'
In 2001, just months after the September 11th attacks, they ran this issue featuring Osama Bin Laden bragging about carrying out the attacks on New York with 'no hands.'
The magazine's cover skewers French TV station TF1 for picking up American reality shows. The cover says, 'TF1's latest in reality TV' and features a crucified Jesus yelling, 'I'm a celebrity, get me out of here!'
This cover features Pope Benedict XVI holding up a condom and shouting 'This is my body.' It pokes fun at the Pope's confusing statements in 2010 about approved condom use. The headline reads, 'The Pope goes too far.'
It reads, 'Bin Laden is alive!' and features Osama Bin Laden dressed as Elvis.
Before the conclusion of the trial in 2007, Charlie Hedbo featured a cover that spread the ridicule around.
The cover features a Jew, the Pope, and an Islamic fundamentalist all shouting, 'Charlie Hebdo must be veiled!'
This cover came three years after massive student riots in 1968. The cartoon reads, 'Vote stupid ... you don't have a choice.'
In November 2012, the magazine celebrated the introduction of a bill legalizing same-sex marriage with this cover.
The cover features 'The Father, The Son, and The Holy Ghost' in a ménage à trois. The headline reads, 'Cardinal Vingt-Trois has three dads: the Father, the Son, and The Holy Ghost.' The line references comments made by the Archbishop of Paris, who called same-sex marriage 'deception.'
Pope Benedict XVI warns a bishop to 'Go into movies, like Polanski ... ' referencing the free pass had by film director Roman Polanski, who has long been accused of the rape of a 13-year-old American girl.